Find us on:

Research

Modulation of murine neuroblastoma in nude mice by opioid antagonists

Title
Modulation of murine neuroblastoma in nude mice by opioid antagonists
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Type
Animal
Reported as
Date
January 01, 1987
Authors
Zagon IS, McLaughlin PJ.
Institution
Pennsylvania State University
Link
Abstract

Naltrexone, an opioid antagonist, had an inhibitory effect on the growth of murine S20Y neuroblastoma in BALB/c nude mice. Daily injections of 0.1 mg Naltrexone/kg, which invoked a receptor blockade for 6-8 hours/day, resulted in 31-92% delay in latency time prior to tumor expression and a 27-49% increase in mean survival time; the magnitude of antitumor response was governed by tumor burden. Inoculation of neuroblastoma (10(6)-2.5 X 10(4) cells) resulted in measurable tumors in 10-13 days and mean survival times of 30-34 days. Immunoreactive beta-endorphin was detected in tumor tissue (39.7 pg/mg protein). Receptor binding assays revealed specific saturable binding of ligands related to delta- and kappa-binding sites, but not for the mu-binding site. These results demonstrate that opioid antagonist modulation of neuro-oncogenesis is not dependent on the integrity of T-cell-mediated immunity and suggest the feasibility of utilizing the nude mouse model in exploring the role of endogenous opioids in human cancers.